Friday, December 3, 2021

g-f(2)701 THE BIG PICTURE OF THE DIGITAL AGE (12/3/2021), Aljazeera, Artificial intelligence must not exacerbate inequality further


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"g-f" fishing of golden knowledge (GK) of the fabulous treasure of the digital ageArtificial Intelligence, Responsible AI (12/3/2021)  g-f(2)426 


OPPORTUNITY, Aljazeera

We all agree that artificial intelligence (AI) has the power to drive development and even out global inequalities. 


  • Because it can process vast amounts of data rapidly, AI is ensuring more and more people in developing countries have access to microfinance, healthcare and remote-learning opportunities. AI helps make climate change mitigation more efficient, and can help deliver housing at a quarter of the usual costs when combined with 3D printing technology. It is easy to see how it could be a game-changer in the rapidly urbanising developing world.
  • UNESCO is calling on governments to implement effective legislation within the AI sector.  We will provide platforms for international cooperation on AI for development, and promote international collaboration on AI research and innovation, with specific focus on developing countries.


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References



g-f(2)686 THE BIG PICTURE OF THE DIGITAL AGE (11/27/2021), UNESCO, UNESCO member states adopt the first ever global agreement on the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence


ABOUT THE AUTHORS


Gabriela Ramos, Assistant Director-General for Social and Human Sciences, UNESCO


Gabriela Ramos is the Assistant Director-General for the Social and Human Sciences of UNESCO, where she oversees the contributions of the institution to build inclusive and peaceful societies. Her agenda includes the achievement of social inclusion and gender equality, advancing youth development; promotion of values through sports; anti-racism and antidiscriminatory agenda and ethics of artificial inteligence. Prior to this position, Ms. Ramos served as the Chief of Staff and Sherpa to the G20/G7/APEC in the OECD, contributing to the global agenda as well as leading the OECD's New Approaches to Economic Challenges, Inclusive Growth Initiative, Gender Strategy and the work on well-being and children. Her work to promote gender equality earned her the 2017 and 2018 Forbes Excellence award as well as being included as part of Apolitical’s 100 Most Influential People in Gender Policy in both 2018 and 2019.


Extra-condensed knowledge


Lessons learned, Aljazeera 


  • According to a study published by Price Waterhouse Cooper, in 2017, countries investing in AI technologies could see 14 percent growth in their GDP by 2030. While estimates of this type vary, all agree that these economic returns will be very unevenly distributed.
  • According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), around three-quarters of all new digital innovation and patents are produced by just 250 firms.
  • Out of the 15 biggest digital platforms we use, eight are from the US, and six are Chinese.
  • By 2030, North America and China will have made trillions of dollars’ worth of profit, while developing countries will still be reeling from the economic aftershocks of the pandemic which we know has already led to increased inequalities and worsened poverty. In the words of the speculative fiction writer, William Gibson: “The future is here, it’s just unevenly distributed”.


Condensed knowledge



Lessons learned, Aljazeera 


    • In June 2020, the United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres laid out a UN roadmap for digital cooperation, and acknowledged his concerns that the fourth industrial revolution was making the world more unequal, and benefitting a small number of people. He charged UNESCO with the responsibility for building a global agreement on the ethics of AI, saying:
      • “There is currently a lack of representation and inclusiveness in global discussions. Developing countries are largely absent from or not well-represented in most prominent forums on artificial intelligence, despite having a significant opportunity to benefit from it for their economic and social development. The work done by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization on the ethics of artificial intelligence is an example of the role that the United Nations can play to ensure inclusiveness”.
    • In 2020, UNESCO gathered 24 experts, from multiple disciplines, to draft the text. It then held public online consultations, regional virtual consultations and citizen workshops in 25 countries around the world. UNESCO then worked with countries to build a true consensus around that text.
    • On November 25,193 member states formally adopted UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. From now on, instead of competing with one another to corner the market on bigger and faster technology, these countries will be united by a new common vision – to develop human-centred, humane artificial intelligence. AI should help us to solve the world’s most pressing problems, not create more.



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      • Category 2: The Big Picture of the Digital Age
      • [genioux fact deduced or extracted from Aljazeera]
      • This is a “genioux fact fast solution.”
      • Tag Opportunities those travelling at high speed on GKPath
      • Type of essential knowledge of this “genioux fact”: Essential Analyzed Knowledge (EAK).
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        • Inherited from sources + Supported by the knowledge of one or more experts.


      References


      “genioux facts”: The online programme on MASTERING “THE BIG PICTURE OF THE DIGITAL AGE”, g-f(2)701, Fernando Machuca, December 3, 2021, blog.geniouxfacts.comgeniouxfacts.comGenioux.com Corporation.


      ABOUT THE AUTHORS


      PhD with awarded honors in computer science in France

      Fernando is the director of "genioux facts". He is the entrepreneur, researcher and professor who has a disruptive proposal in The Digital Age to improve the world and reduce poverty + ignorance + violence. A critical piece of the solution puzzle is "genioux facts"The Innovation Value of "genioux facts" is exceptional for individuals, companies and any kind of organization.




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