Monday, September 13, 2021

g-f(2)492 THE BIG PICTURE OF THE DIGITAL AGE (9/13/2021), MIT SMR, The Digital Twin Opportunity


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"g-f" fishing of golden knowledge (GK) of the fabulous treasure of the digital age, The Digital Twin Opportunity (9/13/2021)  g-f(2)426 

Opportunity, Digital twins are strategic tools to drive smart digital transformation, MIT SMR g-f(2)433
  • Fundamentally, a  digital twin (DT) is a dynamic model of a physical system that enables fast and creative experimentation at very low cost and risk.
  • Now, thanks to a confluence of technological advances, DTs are at an intriguing inflection point — transitioning from that specialized, tactical domain to becoming strategic tools with diverse applications. 
        Opportunity, How Digital Twins Are Advancing, MIT SMR 
        • What makes a DT special is that it is dynamic — it must always mirror the exact state of the physical system. This requires two key parts to work in tandem: a model describing the behavior of its physical twin, and sensors that provide the real-time “coupling” to the model. 
        • What has changed is that multiple technologies have come of age and can now be combined in unique ways. 
          • The internet of things (IoT) has matured, so we have ever-cheaper sensors to measure many new physical parameters accurately. 5G communications networks allow wide-bandwidth data transmission at almost real-time speeds
          • Advances in augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) allow us to see a realistic 3D visualization, whether of a bridge, a building, or a human organ. 
          • Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques help us model how a system functions and sometimes even predict how it might work in future scenarios. 
          • Coupling to real-time IoT data anchors these models in reality and transforms the DT into a powerful tool
          • Now we can do far more than just observe — we can diagnose, control, and sometimes even provide a prognosis for diverse physical systems. 
                  Opportunity, Where DTs Can Help Target Strategic Priorities, MIT SMR 
                  • Based on our experience with Siemens, Komatsu, Kajima, Enel Foundation, Lam Research, SEMI, and the National Research Foundation of Singapore, we see three high-level priorities common among business leaders where there is strong potential for harnessing DTs: sustainability, smart innovation, and health and safety.   
                  Opportunity, DTs may be able to help us address grand challenges successfully, MIT SMR 
                  • What if we could stop the next pandemic in its tracks? What if we could cut global energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by a third? What if pediatricians could better treat ill or injured children in remote rural clinics? DTs may be able to help us address such grand challenges successfully. 
                    
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                  Some relevant characteristics of this "genioux fact"

                  • Category 2: The Big Picture of the Digital Age
                  • [genioux fact deduced or extracted from MIT SMR]
                  • This is a “genioux fact fast solution.”
                  • Tag Opportunities those travelling at high speed on GKPath
                  • Type of essential knowledge of this “genioux fact”: Essential Analyzed Knowledge (EAK).
                  • Type of validity of the "genioux fact". 

                    • Inherited from sources + Supported by the knowledge of one or more experts.


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                  ABOUT THE AUTHORS


                  Pushkar P. Apte, Ph.D., is director of strategic initiatives at the Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society (CITRIS) and the Banatao Institute at the University of California, Berkeley. Costas J. Spanos, Ph.D., is director at CITRIS and the Banatao Institute and a distinguished professor at UC, Berkeley. 


                  Pushkar P. Apte



                  Pushkar P. Apte is the Director of Strategic Initiatives for CITRIS. Pushkar develops industrial and institutional partnerships that support innovative research and applications.

                  He received his Masters and Ph.D. degrees from Stanford University in Materials Science and Electrical Engineering, and his Bachelor’s degree in Ceramic Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Varanasi, India. Apte previously worked with Texas Instruments Incorporated on cutting-edge research and technology development, with McKinsey & Company as their Global Semiconductor Business Expert, and with the Semiconductor Industry Association as Vice President of Technology Programs.

                  Apte has over 50 publications and presentations in prestigious international journals, conferences, and institutions, including several Invited Papers. He has received the Norman Hackerman Young Author Award from the Electrochemical Society for Best Paper in the Journal of the Electrochemical Society, and the Graduate Student Award from the Materials Research Society for Outstanding Research Performance, and holds 2 U.S. Patents.

                  Apte is also President of the strategy consulting firm, Pravishyati Incorporated, focused on the high-tech industry.



                  Costas Spanos



                  Costas Spanos is the Director of CITRIS and the Banatao Institute. He is also the Andrew S. Grove Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at UC Berkeley, and the Chief Technical Officer of the Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore (BEARS). He has served as the EECS Department Chair and the Associate Dean for Research in the College of Engineering at Berkeley. His present research is focusing on energy and sustainability.

                  As the Andrew S. Grove Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, Spanos conducts research on the application of statistical analysis in the design and fabrication of integrated circuits, and the development and deployment of novel sensors and computer-aided techniques in semiconductor manufacturing. He is also using statistical data mining techniques for energy efficiency applications, and is the leader of the Singapore-based SinBerBEST project, focusing on energy efficient buildings. 

                  In 1988, Spanos joined the faculty at UC Berkeley, where he has served as Department Chair of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, the Associate Dean for Research, and the CEO of the Berkeley Educational Alliance for Research in Singapore. Spanos received his master’s and doctoral degrees in Electrical and Computer Engineering from Carnegie Mellon University in 1981 and 1985, after which he worked for three years at the advanced computer-aided design group of the Digital Equipment Corporation.



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