Friday, November 5, 2021

g-f(2)634 THE BIG PICTURE OF THE DIGITAL AGE (11/5/2021), WSJ, How to Fix Social Media




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"g-f" fishing of golden knowledge (GK) of the fabulous treasure of the digital ageDigital Transformation, How to Fix Social Media (11/5/2021)  g-f(2)426 


ALERT, WSJ

How to Fix Social Media


  • Revelations about Facebook, Instagram and TikTok have highlighted the problems posed by the biggest social media sites. What would it take to reform the platforms and limit their harm?
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS
  • Amy Klobuchar: No More Blind Trust in Big Tech
  • Nick Clegg: Facebook Can’t Do It Alone
  • Clay Shirky: Slow It Down and Make It Smaller
  • Nicholas Carr: Social Media Should Be Treated Like Broadcasting
  • Sherry Turkle: We Also Need to Change Ourselves
  • Josh Hawley: Too Much Power in Too Few Hands
  • David French: Government Control of Speech? No Thanks
  • Renee DiResta: Circuit Breakers to Encourage Reflection
  • Jaron Lanier: Topple the New Gods of Data
  • Clive Thompson: Online Communities That Actually Work
  • Chris Hughes: Controlled Competition Is the Way Forward
  • Siva Vaidhyanathan: A Social Network That’s Too Big To Govern


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          References





          Extra-condensed knowledge


          Lessons learned, WSJ

          Sherry Turkle: We Also Need to Change Ourselves


          • Recent revelations by The Wall Street Journal and a whistleblower before Congress showed that Facebook is fully aware of the damaging effects of its services. The company’s algorithms put the highest value on keeping people on the system, which is most easily accomplished by engaging users with inflammatory content and keeping them siloed with those who share their views. As for Instagram, it encourages users (with the most devastating effect on adolescent girls) to curate online versions of themselves that are happier, sexier and more self-confident than who they really are, often at a high cost to their mental health.
          • But none of this was a surprise. We’ve known about these harms for over a decade.
          • In the aftermath of the pandemic, Americans are asking new questions about what is important and what we want to change. This much is certain: Social media is broken.
          • But changing social media is not enough. We need to change ourselves. Facebook knows how to keep us glued to our phones; now we need to learn how to be comfortable with solitude. If we can’t find meaning within ourselves, we are more likely to turn to Facebook’s siloed worlds to bolster our fragile sense of self. But good citizenship requires practice with disagreement. We lose out when we don’t take the time to listen to each other, especially to those who are not like us. We need to learn again to tolerate difference and disagreement.
          • Empathy accepts that there may be profound disagreement among family, friends and neighbors. Empathy is difficult.
          • We need to change social media to change ourselves.


              Ms. Turkle is the Abby Rockefeller Mauzé Professor of the Social Studies of Science and Technology at MIT and the author, most recently, of “The Empathy Diaries.”

              Her newest book, The Empathy Diaries: A Memoir (Penguin Press, March 2021), ties together her personal story with her groundbreaking research on technology, empathy, and ethics. Her previous book, the New York Times bestseller, Reclaiming Conversation: The Power of Talk in a Digital Age (Penguin Press, October 2015), investigates how a flight from conversation undermines our relationships, creativity, and productivity. For media inquiries, go to http://sternspeakers.com/sherry-turkle.

              Profiles of Professor Turkle have appeared in such publications as The New York Times, Scientific American, and Wired Magazine. She has been named “Woman of the Year” by Ms. Magazine and among the “40 under 40” who are changing the nation by Esquire Magazine. 


              Condensed knowledge




              Lessons learned, WSJ

              Siva Vaidhyanathan: A Social Network That’s Too Big To Govern


                  • Facebook and WhatsApp, the company’s instant messaging service, have been used to amplify sectarian violence in Myanmar, Sri Lanka, India and the U.S. Facebook’s irresponsible data-sharing policies enabled the Cambridge Analytica political scandal, and many teenage girls in the U.S. report that Instagram encourages self-harm and eating disorders. As bad as these phenomena are, they are really just severe weather events caused by a dangerous climate, which is Facebook itself.
                  • Facebook is the most pervasive global media system the world has ever known. It will soon connect and surveil 3 billion of the 7.8 billion humans on earth, communicating in more than 100 languages. 
                  • As Facebook executive Andrew Bosworth declared in a 2018 internal memo, “The ugly truth is that we believe in connecting people so deeply that anything that allows us to connect more people more often is de facto good.”
                  • But to Facebook’s executives, the company’s growth appears to matter more than public relations, the overall quality of human life and even the loss of life. Those are all just externalities that flow from the commitment to growth. Even profit is a secondary concern: Make Facebook grow and the money will take care of itself. Mark Zuckerberg truly seems to believe, against all evidence, that the more people use Facebook for more hours of the day, the better most of us will live.
                  • Facebook lacks the incentive to change, and we lack methods to make it change. 
                  • Reforming Facebook requires restricting what feeds Facebook: The unregulated harvesting of our personal data and the ways the company leverages it.
                  • Short of that, we are just chasing tornadoes and hurricanes, patching up the damage already done and praying another storm waits long enough to return. The problem with Facebook, after all, is Facebook.

                  Mr. Vaidhyanathan is a professor of media studies at the University of Virginia and the author of “Antisocial Media: How Facebook Disconnects Us and Undermines Democracy.”

                  Siva Vaidhyanathan is the Robertson Professor of Media Studies and director of the Center for Media and Citizenship at the University of Virginia.

                  He is the author of Antisocial Media: How Facebook Disconnects Us and Undermines Democracy  (Oxford University Press, 2018). He also wrote Intellectual Property: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2017), and The Googlization of Everything -- and Why We Should Worry (University of California Press, 2011). He has written two previous books: Copyrights and Copywrongs: The Rise of Intellectual Property and How it Threatens Creativity (New York University Press, 2001) and The Anarchist in the Library: How the Clash between Freedom and Control is Hacking the Real World and Crashing the System (Basic Books, 2004). He also co-edited (with Carolyn Thomas) the collection, Rewiring the Nation: The Place of Technology in American Studies (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007).


                  Extracted from Wikipedia

                  Siva Vaidhyanathan (born 1966) is a cultural historian and media scholar, and the Robertson professor of Media Studies at the University of Virginia. Vaidhyanathan is a permanent columnist at The Guardian and Slate; he is also a frequent contributor on media and cultural issues in various periodicals including The Chronicle of Higher Education, New York Times Magazine, The Nation, Slate, and The Baffler. He directs the Center for Media and Citizenship at the University of Virginia, which produces a television show, a radio program, several podcasts, and the Virginia Quarterly Review.


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                  • Category 2: The Big Picture of the Digital Age
                  • [genioux fact deduced or extracted from WSJ]
                  • This is a “genioux fact fast solution.”
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                  • Type of essential knowledge of this “genioux fact”: Essential Analyzed Knowledge (EAK).
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                    • Inherited from sources + Supported by the knowledge of one or more experts.


                  References


                  “genioux facts”: The online programme on MASTERING “THE BIG PICTURE OF THE DIGITAL AGE”, g-f(2)634, Fernando Machuca, November 5, 2021, blog.geniouxfacts.comgeniouxfacts.comGenioux.com Corporation.


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