Saturday, May 15, 2021

g-f(2)277 The Big Picture of the Digital Age (5/15/2021), AAAS, Investigate the origins of COVID-19.



Extra-condensed knowledge


  • More investigation is still needed to determine the origin of the pandemic. 
    • Theories of accidental release from a lab and zoonotic spillover both remain viable. Knowing how COVID-19 emerged is critical for informing global strategies to mitigate the risk of future outbreaks.
  • As scientists with relevant expertise, we agree with the WHO director-general, the United States and 13 other countries, and the European Union that greater clarity about the origins of this pandemic is necessary and feasible to achieve.
    • We must take hypotheses about both natural and laboratory spillovers seriously until we have sufficient data.
  • A proper investigation should be transparent, objective, data-driven, inclusive of broad expertise, subject to independent oversight, and responsibly managed to minimize the impact of conflicts of interest.
    • Public health agencies and research laboratories alike need to open their records to the public. 
    • Investigators should document the veracity and provenance of data from which analyses are conducted and conclusions drawn, so that analyses are reproducible by independent experts.

ULTRA-condensed knowledge


ALERT, AAAS,
  • Knowing how COVID-19 emerged is critical for informing global strategies to mitigate the risk of future outbreaks.


Genioux knowledge fact condensed as an image


Condensed knowledge


  • More investigation is still needed to determine the origin of the pandemic. 
    • Theories of accidental release from a lab and zoonotic spillover both remain viable. Knowing how COVID-19 emerged is critical for informing global strategies to mitigate the risk of future outbreaks.
  • As scientists with relevant expertise, we agree with the WHO director-general, the United States and 13 other countries, and the European Union that greater clarity about the origins of this pandemic is necessary and feasible to achieve.
    • We must take hypotheses about both natural and laboratory spillovers seriously until we have sufficient data.
  • A proper investigation should be transparent, objective, data-driven, inclusive of broad expertise, subject to independent oversight, and responsibly managed to minimize the impact of conflicts of interest.
    • Public health agencies and research laboratories alike need to open their records to the public. 
    • Investigators should document the veracity and provenance of data from which analyses are conducted and conclusions drawn, so that analyses are reproducible by independent experts.

Category 4: The Big Picture of coronavirus and other viruses

[genioux fact deduced or extracted from AAAS]

This is a “genioux fact fast solution.”


ALERT, AAAS,
  • Knowing how COVID-19 emerged is critical for informing global strategies to mitigate the risk of future outbreaks.

Type of essential knowledge of this “genioux fact”: Essential Analyzed Knowledge (EAK).

Type of validity of the "genioux fact". 

  • Inherited from sources + Supported by the knowledge of one or more experts + Supported by research.


Authors of the genioux fact

Fernando Machuca


References


Investigate the origins of COVID-19, 18 scientists, May 14, 2021, Vol. 372, Issue 6543, pp. 694 DOI: 10.1126/science.abj0016, American Association for the Advancement of Science, AAAS.


ABOUT THE AUTHORS


The 18 scientists

  1. Jesse D. Bloom, 
  2. Yujia Alina Chan, 
  3. Ralph S. Baric, 
  4. Pamela J. Bjorkman, 
  5. Sarah Cobey, 
  6. Benjamin E. Deverman, 
  7. David N. Fisman, 
  8. Ravindra Gupta, 
  9. Akiko Iwasaki, 
  10. Marc Lipsitch, 
  11. Ruslan Medzhitov, 
  12. Richard A. Neher, 
  13. Rasmus Nielsen, 
  14. Nick Patterson, 
  15. Tim Stearns, 
  16. Erik van Nimwegen, 
  17. Michael Worobey, 
  18. David A. Relman

Extracted from Wikipedia


The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity. It is the world's largest general scientific society, with over 120,000 members, and is the publisher of the well-known scientific journal Science.



Key “genioux facts”








Featured "genioux fact"

g-f(2)256 The Big Picture of the Digital Age (5/2/2021), geniouxfacts, The fundamental knowledge mini-pyramid for traveling on the "GKPath" highway.

Extra-condensed knowledge This "genioux fact" describes the inverted mini pyramid of knowledge that is essential to travel on the ...

Popular genioux facts, Last 30 days