Tuesday, December 5, 2023

g-f(2)1678 AI and Optimization: A Game-Changer in Problem-Solving

 

genioux Fact post by Fernando Machuca and Bing Chatbot 


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Introduction:


The article from MIT News titled "AI accelerates problem-solving in complex scenarios" discusses a new approach developed by researchers from MIT and ETH Zurich that uses machine learning to speed up mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) solvers, which are used for complex optimization problems.



genioux GK Nugget:


"Researchers from MIT and ETH Zurich have developed a data-driven machine learning technique that accelerates MILP solvers by 30 to 70 percent without any drop in accuracy, potentially revolutionizing complex optimization problems."  — Fernando Machuca and Bing Chatbot



genioux Foundational Fact:


The researchers identified a key intermediate step in MILP solvers, known as separator management, which has an exponential number of potential solutions. They devised a filtering mechanism that reduces the separator search space from more than 130,000 potential combinations to around 20 options. Then, they used a machine-learning model to pick the best combination of algorithms from among these options. This model is trained with a dataset specific to the user’s optimization problem, so it learns to choose algorithms that best suit the user’s particular task.



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  1. MILP solvers employ a divide-and-conquer approach, first splitting the space of potential solutions into smaller pieces with a technique called branching.
  2. The solver then employs a technique called cutting to tighten up these smaller pieces so they can be searched faster.
  3. Cutting uses a set of rules that tighten the search space without removing any feasible solutions.
  4. These rules are generated by a few dozen algorithms, known as separators, that have been created for different kinds of MILP problems.
  5. The process of identifying the ideal combination of separator algorithms to use is a problem with an exponential number of solutions.
  6. The researchers devised a filtering mechanism that reduces this separator search space from more than 130,000 potential combinations to around 20 options.
  7. They used a machine-learning model to pick the best combination of algorithms from among the 20 remaining options.
  8. This model is trained with a dataset specific to the user’s optimization problem, so it learns to choose algorithms that best suit the user’s particular task.
  9. The model’s iterative learning process, known as contextual bandits, a form of reinforcement learning, involves picking a potential solution, getting feedback on how good it was, and then trying again to find a better solution.
  10. This data-driven approach accelerated MILP solvers between 30 and 70 percent without any drop in accuracy.


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Conclusion:


The research from MIT and ETH Zurich presents a significant advancement in the field of AI and optimization. By employing a data-driven machine learning approach, they have managed to significantly speed up MILP solvers, which are used for complex optimization problems. This could have far-reaching implications in various fields where such solvers are employed, potentially leading to more efficient and optimal solutions.



REFERENCE

The GK Article


Adam Zewe, AI accelerates problem-solving in complex scenarios, MIT News, December 5, 2023.


Adam Zewe


Adam Zewe is a prolific contributor to MIT News¹²³. He has written extensively on topics related to artificial intelligence and machine learning¹². His articles provide insights into the latest developments in these fields, including the impact of generative AI on virtual meetings¹, the use of mathematical frameworks to evaluate explanations of machine-learning models², and the acceleration of AI tasks while preserving data security³. His work helps to disseminate complex technological concepts to a broader audience, making him a valuable asset to the MIT News team.


Source: Conversation with Bing, 12/1/2023

(1) Explained: Generative AI | MIT News | Massachusetts Institute of Technology. https://news.mit.edu/2023/explained-generative-ai-1109.

(2) Unpacking black-box models | MIT News | Massachusetts Institute of .... https://news.mit.edu/2022/machine-learning-explainability-0505.

(3) Accelerating AI tasks while preserving data security | MIT News .... https://news.mit.edu/2023/accelerating-ai-tasks-while-preserving-data-security-1030.

(4) AI model speeds up high-resolution computer vision - MIT Schwarzman .... https://computing.mit.edu/news/ai-model-speeds-up-high-resolution-computer-vision/.




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Source: Conversation with Bing, 11/27/2023

(1) g-f New World - Genioux.com Corporation. https://gnxc.com/g-f-new-world.

(2) g-f(2)959 THE NEW WORLD (2/23/2022), geniouxfacts, The "g-f story" of .... https://blog.geniouxfacts.com/2022/02/g-f2959-new-world-2232022-geniouxfacts.html.

(3) g-f(2)942 THE NEW WORLD (2/16/2022), The Story of the New World in a “g .... https://blog.geniouxfacts.com/2022/02/g-f2942-new-world-2162022-story-of-new.html.

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Source: Conversation with Bing, 11/27/2023

(1) “genioux facts”:. https://www.geniouxfacts.com/.

(2) “genioux facts”: The online program on "MASTERING THE BIG PICTURE OF .... https://blog.geniouxfacts.com/.

(3) “genioux facts”: The online program on "MASTERING THE BIG PICTURE OF .... https://blog.geniouxfacts.com/p/about.html.

(4) genioux facts (g-f) - Genioux.com Corporation. https://gnxc.com/genioux-facts-g-f.

(5) “genioux facts”: The online program on "MASTERING THE BIG PICTURE OF .... https://blog.geniouxfacts.com/2023/10/g-f21409-genioux-revolution-new-era-of.html.



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g-f(2)1669 The 10 Most Read genioux Fact Posts of the Month (12/03/2023)


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Source: Conversation with Bing, 11/27/2023

(1) “genioux facts”: The online program on "MASTERING THE BIG PICTURE OF .... https://blog.geniouxfacts.com/2023/09/g-f21310-genioux-ai-powered-chatbot.html.

(2) genioux facts (g-f) - Genioux.com Corporation. https://gnxc.com/genioux-facts-g-f.

(3) “genioux facts”: The online program on "MASTERING THE BIG PICTURE OF .... https://blog.geniouxfacts.com/.

(4) “genioux facts”: The online program on "MASTERING THE BIG PICTURE OF .... https://blog.geniouxfacts.com/p/about.html.



The categorization and citation of the genioux Fact post


g-f(2)1668 The 10 Most Read genioux Fact Posts of the Week (12/03/2023)


Categorization


This genioux Fact post is classified as Breaking Knowledge which means: Insights for comprehending the forces molding our world and making sense of news and trends.


Type: Breaking Knowledge, Free Speech


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References


genioux facts”: The online program on "MASTERING THE BIG PICTURE OF THE DIGITAL AGE”, g-f(2)1678, Fernando Machuca and Bing Chatbot, December 5, 2023, Genioux.com Corporation.


The genioux facts program has established a robust foundation of over 1677 Big Picture of the Digital Age posts [g-f(2)1 - g-f(2)1677]

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