Saturday, April 10, 2021

g-f(2)209 THE BIG PICTURE OF BUSINESS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (4/10/2021), Foreign Affairs, The Perils of Overhyping Artificial Intelligence.




Extra-condensed knowledge


This gold knowledge article from Foreign Affairs is brilliant. The problem of hype with artificial intelligence and possible solutions in the case of its application in the United States national security services are analyzed.

CONTEXT
There is a very real risk that expectations are being set too high and that an unwillingness to tolerate failures will mean the United States squanders AI’s potential and falls behind its rivals.



Genioux knowledge fact condensed as an image


Condensed knowledge


    1. The first is the “valley of death,” the appropriately named gap between a technology’s development in the private sector and its acquisition by governments or militaries.
    2. If the valley of death is safely navigated, a cumbersome and timid testing and evaluation process can be the next trap. The U.S. Department of Defense in particular needs to invest in making testing, evaluation, verification, and validation of new AI applications more efficient.
    3. The final hurdle is real-world deployment. 

      Category 2: The Big Picture of the Digital Age

      [genioux fact deduced or extracted from Foreign Affairs]

      Type of essential knowledge of this “genioux fact”: Essential Analyzed Knowledge (EAK).

      Type of validity of the "genioux fact". 

      • Inherited from sources + Supported by the knowledge of one or more experts.


      Authors of the genioux fact

      Fernando Machuca


      References




      ABOUT THE AUTHORS


      JULIA CIOCCA (@julia_ciocca) is a Research Fellow at Perry World House at the University of Pennsylvania.

      MICHAEL C. HOROWITZ (@mchorowitz) is Richard Perry Professor and Director of Perry World House at the University of Pennsylvania.

      LAUREN KAHN (@Lauren_A_Kahn) is a Research Fellow at Perry World House at the University of Pennsylvania.



      Foreign Affairs is an American magazine of international relations and U.S. foreign policy published by the Council on Foreign Relations, a nonprofit, nonpartisan, membership organization and think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs. Founded on 15 September 1922, the print magazine is currently published every two months, while the website publishes articles daily and anthologies every other month.

      Foreign Affairs is considered one of the United States' most influential foreign policy magazines. Over its long history, the magazine has published a number of seminal articles including George Kennan's "X Article", published in 1947, and Samuel P. Huntington's "The Clash of Civilizations," published in 1993.

      Important academics, public officials, and policy leaders regularly appear in the magazine's pages. Recent Foreign Affairs authors include Robert O. Keohane, Hillary Clinton, Donald H. Rumsfeld, Ashton Carter, Colin L. Powell, Francis Fukuyama, David Petraeus, Zbigniew Brzezinski, John J. Mearsheimer, Stanley McChrystal, Christopher R. Hill and Joseph Nye.



      Julia Ciocca
      Research Fellow at Perry World House

      About
      I recently graduated with a Bachelor's degree from the University of Pennsylvania with majors in Political Science and Russian and Eastern European Studies.

      I currently serve as a Research Fellow at Perry World House where I manage the World House Student Fellows Program and conduct research on a variety of topics including military technological innovation and adoption, national security, and international relations, and I have continued working in space defense and space policy. 
       


      Michael C. Horowitz (born 1978) is an American author and professor of political science at the University of Pennsylvania.



      Lauren Kahn is the 2019-2020 Research Fellow at Perry World House. In this role, Lauren contributes to the intellectual life of Perry World House, working on projects within the Global Innovation Program, the Graduate Associates Program, the World House Student Fellows Program, and administrative tasks, in addition to conducting and producing her own research.

      A significant facet of Lauren’s work is to deepen Perry World House’s engagement with the student population at Penn, largely through designing and administering the World House Student Fellows Program.


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